They were arrested and charged four days after the murder. Evidence was overwhelming. The motive: The Overells opposed the wedding and told Gollum and Louise that Louise would be disinherited if they wed without their approval. The Overells were wealthy socialites who lived in a mansion in Flintridge.
Beulah Overell, Louise's mother and Wilhelmina Rector Stomel, Bud Gollum's mother, had been friends while attending church together before either were married. Both families were wealthy. Bud and Louise knew each other since both were children and got better acquainted when he was in the navy.
Both parents urged Louise to write to him; she reluctantly did so. Louise was an unwanted and unloved child ignored by her parents while growing up. Bud was a social misfit and both parents thought that they might provide some socialization for the two of them. Bud saw Louise as his ticket to a life of the idle rich and when he was discharged, they became engaged and sexually involved. Updated p. What are records? Since , The Marshall Project has been curating some of the best criminal justice reporting from around the web.
In these records you will find the most recent and the most authoritative articles on the topics, people and events that are shaping the criminal justice conversation. The Marshall Project does not endorse the viewpoints or vouch for the accuracy of reports other than its own. Are we missing a record? Tell us. Marshall Project Originals. It's tempting to invoke the law of unintended consequences in thinking about what was perhaps a well-intentioned but flawed piece of legislation. But these consequences could have been entirely anticipated if legislators recognized that criminals, like all of us, often make decisions by rationally weighing the costs and benefits of their actions.
To make sure she's making apple-to-apple comparisons among felons, Iyengar compares the actions of criminals whose rap sheets are identical except for the order in which they committed their crimes. Since you don't start counting strikes until the first record-activating offense, order is crucial. So if the two-striker commits fewer crimes but more violent ones relative to the one-striker, we know it's the effect of the three-strikes incentives and not something about the different offense records of the two criminals. Newsweek Interactive Co.
But late Thursday night, Brandy, five days after his 33rd birthday and a day before a motion for dismissal was scheduled to be heard, walked out of the Orange County jail, a free man. The evidence, which tied him to the alleged crime, was not enough to prove his guilt. When his wife, Raeleen Taylor Brandy, asked him whether she should stop the car at a gas station, he told her to continue to drive.
Brandy's ordeal began on the morning of Oct. Adrian Arias called to report a road rage incident on the eastbound freeway 91 in Orange County, telling the authorities that the driver of a Volkswagen had threatened him and his three fellow passengers with a gun. The California Highway Patrol conducted a two-month-long investigation into the incident, and discovered that the registered owner of the Volkswagen was on active parole for committing an armed robbery.imbalsamarebraila.ro/wp-content/conocer/4371.php
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In the early morning hours of Dec. Although the officers and detectives from California Highway Patrol found no gun, they arrested him. Adrian Arias was unable to positively identify Brandy as the person who threatened him and his girlfriend with a gun, although he had previously picked out his mug shot from a photo line-up of six suspects. Police have been unable to find the weapon that was allegedly used.
Judge James O. Perez, who presided over the preliminary hearing, warned the prosecution about weakness in the case. Brandy and the locale where the incident allegedly occurred has everything to do with why the authorities kept him in jail. Brandy has worked to change his life, dedicated himself to his wife and two young children, and was helping at-risk teenagers make the right decisions after getting out of prison. It was past p. They presented Christmas and birthday gifts for Brandy. Raeleen Taylor Brandy cried softly in a corner of the living room, overwhelmed by the ecstatic reunion. Brandy, too, was blinking back tears, as he embraced his wife, his 2-year-old son and his sister, Deborah Brandy, an elementary school principal.
Suing Police Since 1984
The new father, who recently turned his life around, doesn't deserve such punishment, friends and advocates say. The officers and detectives from California Highway Patrol found no gun but arrested him. Seven months later, charged with brandishing a weapon at motorists and possession of a firearm by a felon, Brandy is fighting for his life and his family, which he just started building after getting out of prison two years ago.
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Brandy and his wife, who were childhood friends, met again in church after he got out of prison and were married a little over a year ago. Now he faces losing her and his year-old daughter and 2-year-old son. As a teenager, Brandy drifted away and started hanging out with a group of troublemakers. After the death of his mother, at 19, he and his friends robbed a Beef Bowl with a BB gun. While he was serving the sentence for the robbery, he got involved in a fight in the prison yard, earning his second conviction. Since getting out of prison, Brandy has worked to change his life, dedicate himself to his family and help at-risk teenagers make the right decisions.
Now he risks losing it all in what his family calls a blatant injustice. According to the police report, Arias was driving his Chevrolet in the carpool lane, going 40 to 50 mph because of the poor visibility caused by the dense fog. The other driver started honking his horn and flashing his headlights and then swerved into the next lane over so he was parallel with the car. Johanna Hipolito, who was sitting next to her boyfriend in the front passenger seat, flipped off the other driver with her middle finger.
The other driver responded with the same gesture. During the confrontation, according to Arias and Hipolito's statements, the other driver suddenly rolled down his a passenger window and aimed a handgun at them. The law aims to curtail felons from committing more violent crimes, yet groups advocating for its reform say that in practice it targets less violent, older offenders, and only contributes to an already overcrowded prison system.
A report released by the Sentencing Project of Washington, D. Groups like Families to Amend California's Three Strikes also claim that enforcement of the law discriminates against blacks and Latinos. Seventeen times more blacks have been charged under the law compared to whites in Los Angeles County. Forty-five percent of those who receive a third strike sentence are black, and 26 percent are Latino.
Brandy, who rebuilt his family after serving 10 years for the crimes he committed as a teenager, told police that the 91 Freeway is a route he used to go to work. But he denied any involvement in the confrontation. The weapon that was allegedly brandished at the victims has not been found.
Before sending the case to trial, Judge James O. Perez, who presided over the preliminary hearing, questioned whether the prosecution would be able to convince the jury beyond a reasonable doubt with the evidence it has. As Dr. King so eloquently stated, an injustice anywhere is threat to justice everywhere. It was affixed to an Associated Press report detailing how the average age of California prisoners is climbing, putting more pressure on the broken prison health-care system.
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But it wasn't prison health-care that captured the attention of The Reporter's editorial board, or the fact that the writer highlighted the problem by focusing on a Vacaville prison. It was a single paragraph describing why Louis Rodriguez - a year-old inmate struggling through the final stages of liver cancer at the California Medical Facility - is even in prison.
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Rodriguez - more than twice to lock up a healthy prisoner. Is this really what California voters had in mind when they approved Three Strikes 14 years ago? The law of unintended consequences has caught up with California. The state budget and the prison system are broken, and federal judges are now taking charge of the latter. Legislators, the governor and Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation officials have been working for years now to reduce overcrowded conditions in a system that was built for , inmates and now houses , That number, at least, has dropped from a , peak, but the prisons are still overcrowded.
And there has been some effort to put "rehabilitation" back into the system's mission, in hopes of easing the recidivism rate that contributes to overcrowding. But to date, all efforts to reform the law that allows life sentences to be imposed for petty crimes have failed. An initiative to repair the Three Strikes law in was defeated by voters. Another initiative headed for this November's ballot didn't even qualify. And a recent attempt by the governor and Legislature to put together a sentencing commission that might bring some sanity to the process fell apart amid partisan squabbling.
Indeed, of the 11 ballot measures and counting that California voters will weigh in on this fall, two would lead to even longer and stricter prison sentences, while a third would divert nonviolent substance abusers into treatment. One member of the lock-'em-up crowd, state Sen.
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That may well be true, but the same credible sources of Sen. Runner's statistics also show that incarceration rates are rising throughout the nation as politicians try to outdo each other in being tough on crime. At the middle of last year, the U. Because California's prison population didn't rise as quickly as Three Strikes opponents believed it might initially, Sen.
Runner claims the law hasn't caused explosive growth in the prisons. A California Legislative Analysts' report from a few years ago showed that at the end of , there were 5, second- and third-strike inmates serving long prison sentences for merely possessing a controlled substance. Another 2, were imprisoned for "petty theft with a prior.
And since our Legislature and governor aren't willing to tackle sentencing reform, it's going to be up to voters to study those ballot measure carefully this fall, with an eye toward avoiding more unintended consequences. Saunders Sunday, July 6, In , Californians saw a state criminal justice system that too often let the worst criminals out of prison to wreak destruction and hurt the innocent, only to be sent back to prison for worse crimes.